Digital pathology and The Big Cs (That’s ‘Cancer’ and ‘Cloud’)

| April 6, 2015

MicroscopeCame across this interesting article in a couple of places over past couple days including from The Register, among other sources.  Couple of points strike me here, namely, that I didn’t know that TIME magazine, in addition to The New York Times and other media sources that I mentioned in my previous post on March 30th entitled “Thoughts on Recent JAMA Breast Biopsy Study” covered the issue of reported misdiagnosis in breast biopsies. Their headline is eye-catching with “Diagnosed With Breast Cancer? Get a Second Opinion“. Secondly, Proscia, one of the latest players in the digital pathology market, founded in 2014 by technologists and entrepeneurs at universities known for computer science and healthcare IT know how, is taking a no holds barred approach to this including mentioning that “Analyzing slides through a microscope is ‘archaic’“.

While many of us have considered the use of the microscopic as somewhat archaic, analogous to say, using physical examination alone compared with PET-CT to find disease, unfortunately, it has been the instrument by which histopathologic diagnoses are made.  Or perhaps comparing a weather vane to The Weather Channel with 100s of satellites and computer models to tell you if it is going to rain this weekend versus your weather vane. In fact, if the FDA does ever get around to clearing digital pathology for primary use, I gather the gold standard by which digital pathology “systems” will be measured will be none other than the microscope.  A technology older than and not classified by the FDA.

For me there is no doubt it is time to use newer technologies to classify disease, particularly controversial areas, such as breast pathology, where there are subjective differences even among experts without well-defined criteria that are reproducible for clinical management.  It ends with replacing analog microscopes and pathologists’ retinas on the far end but perhaps should start on the front end with the way we “fix” tissue, process cut tissue sections and make thin slices to be stained with dyes and reagents that can create sections that our eyes can begin to comprehend but perhaps what computer technology can process more efficiently, consistently and accurately.  

Have I got cancer? “Maybe,” says my oncologist, “so I’m going to take a biopsy and we’ll have a look.”

A small piece of my body, tissue from the potentially cancerous organ, is obtained through an incision, and sent to a pathology lab. A thin, thin slice is cut off, stained with revealing chemicals, and then checked by a pathologist.

This scenario is repeated tens of million times a year around the globe, and digital health company Proscia CEO and co-founder, David West Jr, says: “This is archaic.”

What’s he on about. An expert is gonna tell me if I have cancer or not, and it’s archaic?

Yes, he says, because it’s performed using a human eye, which is inconsistent and unreliable, and the get-tissue-cut-a-slice-and-stain methods haven’t really changed for 150 years.

David West, West Jr’s father, told us: “Alexandra Sifferlin reported last week for TIME that pathologists concur only 75 per cent of the time. This is a real problem Proscia can help solve.”

Proscia was founded in 2014 by five technologists, scientists, and entrepreneurs from Johns Hopkins, the Moffitt Cancer Center, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, and the University of Pittsburgh.

West’s father acts as a consultant and explained why it was started:

Like most of us, our lives have been touched by a close family member who had a serious bout with cancer. While studying biomedical engineering at Johns Hopkins, David Jr connected with some researchers who ‘set the table’ on where improvements can be made to the current approach to reading a biopsy.

Today (and for last 150 years) a human visually looks at a tissue sample slide under a microscope or on a monitor [but] the human eye can only process so much information. It’s shocking how little computer technology is used to evaluate biopsies.

Proscia has created a cloud-based software platform using computer visualization, machine learning and analytics to uncover millions of data points that can be analysed to better diagnose and find trends and correlations for researchers.

Pathologists and researchers can use Proscia to store, annotate, quantify, analyse, and collaborate on biopsies. It’s a giant leap from today’s outdated approach and fulfills a personal commitment to help fight cancer.

The founding staff believe that the digital slide is the right alternative to the glass slide and microscope, and provides the basis for bringing IT to bear on biopsy analysis and cancer diagnosis, making it, they say, faster, smarter and more efficient.

Proscia_slide_viewWest Jr adds that we “built a modern computing platform that will revolutionize the 150-year-old pathology workflow.” The generation 1 version has just been announced and provides an “easily managed, highly scalable digital slide repository, with secure data access. The technology combines multi-tenant cloud computing, image analysis and machine learning with proprietary algorithms to bring unprecedented computer intelligence to the pathology field.”

 

The Proscia Core SW features:

  • Secure storage, annotation and collaboration on multi-gigabyte digital biopsies
  • High resolution, deep zoom viewing; whole slide images are massive by the way
  • Support for all leading whole slide scan formats, as well as static images including Leica Biosystems (Aperio) .svs, .scn, and .tif, Phillips Digital Pathology .tiff, and Roche’s Ventana .bif
  • HPIPAA-compliant storage structure
  • Seamless integration with third-party storage services, including Dropbox, AWS, and in-house storage systems
  • Enhanced Dropbox integration that enables multi-terabyte image migration to the Proscia platform in seconds
  • Tissue Microarray (TMA) functionality
  • No cost sign up and use of the Proscia platform free up to 20GB of storage
  • Up to 5PB of high redundancy image storage above free tier which has 99.99 per cent availability

The Core information is accessed through Proscia Console software.

Source: The Register


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Category: Advocacy, Anatomic Pathology, Business, Clinical Laboratories, Current Affairs, Device Manufacturers, Digital Pathology News, Education, Histology, Humor, Image Analysis, Informatics, Laboratory Informatics, Laboratory Management & Operations, Microscopy, Pathology News, Patient Advocacy, Vendor products, Web/Tech, Whole slide

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